From Spanx Power Panties shorts, to Reebok CrossFit compression tops, Lululemon running tights for guys and modern-made corsets, you will find a huge industry for clothes that squish, squeeze and sculpt. For some people, shimmying into shapewear makes it worth while for that figure-enhancing powers of Spandex, an attitude shared by Katy Perry, Kim Kardashian and Heidi Klum, who have given 塑身衣 for making them look really good on the red carpet. Others wear compression clothing to perform faster, lift heavier weights or reduce soreness after intense exercise.
But, doctors warn, there are real health problems to wearing extra-tight clothing for prolonged periods. Instead of stuffing your system into suffocating clothes, some experts advise, it may be better to stick with more proven kinds of body-shaping behavior. Plenty of people are taking the clothing way, however; research firms estimate that shapewear is a $680-million annual market.
“All of us want a shortcut that might be more effortless,” says Orly Avitzur, a neurologist in Tarrytown, N.Y., and medical advisor to Consumer Reports. “But that doesn’t help us with regards to all the benefits of exercise plus a really nutritious diet.”
Neurologists have long known about a condition called meralgia paresthetica, which causes painful burning and tingling in the thighs if you have an excessive amount of pressure on nerves running from the groin. The disorder is most typical in expecting mothers and those that put on weight quickly, since their pants suddenly become too tight. But each month or two, Avitzur says, she sees an individual struggling with nerve pain due to shapewear.
Teens’ compulsive texting might cause neck injury, experts warn
Some patients defy stereotypes, together with a 15-year-old girl who got to her office after seeing a gastroenterologist for stomach pain.
It turned out that the girl’s entire soccer team have been wearing colorful compression shorts under their uniforms at school, a fashion trend which was common among high school teams in the region. “I wouldn’t have normally asked her if she wore tight compression clothing because she was a young athlete,” she says. “It wasn’t until I had been almost leaving the room, and I said, ‘In my mother’s generation, we saw this in females who wore girdles.'”
Putting pressure around the abdomen squeezes body organs, which could push acid in the stomach to the esophagus. That’s why weight gain can lead to gastroesophageal reflux disease, and tight undergarments can perform the exact same thing, says Jay Kuemmerle, a gastroenterologist at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond. “It’s really just plumbing,” he says. “For somebody who has reflux disease or is vulnerable to reflux, wearing tight garments may exacerbate those symptoms.” Tight clothes also can worsen the discomforts of irritable bowel syndrome and bladder control problems, he says. With regards to Jessica Alba-endorsed “corset diet,” Kuemmerle doesn’t recommend shapewear to lose weight.
Wiggling your limbs into shaping garments takes effort, and it is equally difficult – and maybe not too sexy – to peel them off. A lot of women don’t bother, avoiding the restroom for as long as they’re wearing their Spanx. But holding your bladder can cause urinary tract infections, Avitzur says. Sweating in tight clothing dexrpky29 also cause candida albicans and skin irritation. People with diabetes tend to be at particular likelihood of developing skin ailment from snug clothes. Googling suggests other potential health dangers including varicose veins, blood clots, weak core muscles and back pain, though, according to some researchers, those risks are overblown. Doctors often prescribe compression stockings to enhance circulation of blood and minimize the risk of clots after surgical treatment or for those who have circulation problems. “I’m not trying to point out that everyone wearing restrictive garments will have problems,” Kuemmerle says, adding that a lot of problems go away quickly as soon as the clothing pressure is off. “But adopting a wholesome lifestyle may obviate the requirement to feel as if you have to wear these matters.”
Elite runners like Paula Radcliffe and Meb Keflezighi have helped popularize knee-high compression socks, that contain become trendy among amateur athletes too, and also other tight workout clothing.
The idea is that squeezing muscles might improve circulation, eliminate waste materials and increase power by reduction of the amount of force muscles should produce.
Evidence, however, is mixed, says Philip Skiba, director of sports medicine at Advocate Medical Group in Chicago. Research is also still new, as scientists are already conducting rigorous studies on compression gear for under ten years. And most studies include merely a dozen or two athletes, rendering it impossible to generalize outcomes for everyone. Given the research thus far, Skiba says, there is absolutely no convincing data that compression garments lower amounts of lactic acid in the blood, reduce muscle damage or inflammation, or make people run, ski or kayak faster.
Compression garments may, however, offer some assistance with recovery after hard exercise.
In a 2014 study of 24 runners, athletes who wore compression socks after completing 男性塑身衣 reported less soreness round the clock later. For sprinters, studies advise that wearing compression socks for a while after a workout could help them go a couple of seconds faster during their next several-mile-future.
Whether benefits like these are physiological or psychological remains being determined. Placebo rituals are common – and commonly effective – among athletes who believe a lucky shirt or ritual breakfast can help them. There’s no harm in wearing compression garments in short time periods when they offer you a perceived boost, Skiba says. But there’s no guarantee they’ll help.
“My colleagues in elite sports are mostly unimpressed,” he says. “There is definitely nothing I have read within the last five years that could make me say, ‘Oh my God, everyone needs to work with these.'”