In 1957, Noël de Plasse, a researcher doing work for French textile company Lainie`re de Roubaix, made an intriguing discovery. He found that, under high temperature, certain solid dyes could pass straight to the gaseous phase without first learning to be a liquid. This physical process is known as sublimation, and what de Plasse had discovered was eventually termed Sublimation ink. Nothing much was completed with dye-sublimation up until the late 60s, in the event it began to be used during the early computer printers. Today, dye-sublimation printing has changed into a popular and versatile method that is predominantly useful for various types of textile printing, but in addition rivals UV for printing on three-dimensional objects like mugs, smartphone covers, and other specialty items.
A dye-sublimation ink is made up of solid pigment or dye suspended in the liquid vehicle. A photo is printed onto a transfer paper-also called release paper-along with the paper is brought into exposure to a polyester fabric using a heat press. Under heat and pressure, the solid dye sublimates and suffuses to the fabric, solidifying to the fibers. The image physically becomes portion of the substrate.
For several years, printing via a transfer medium has been the regular dye-sub method. However, there have emerged systems-called direct Sublimation paper or direct disperse-that will print directly onto a fabric without requiring a transfer sheet. It’s tempting to consider, “Aha! Now I could save money on transfer paper,” but it’s not quite as simple as that. Both different types of dye-sub get their advantages and their disadvantages, of course, if you’re a new comer to the technology, or are looking to select a dye-sub system, it pays to know the huge benefits and limitations for each.
The major good thing about by using a transfer process is image quality. “You end up with a more in depth image, the edges are a little sharper, text is more crisp and sharp, and colors are definitely more vivid,” said Tim Check, Product Manager, Professional Imaging for Epson. Epson’s SureColor F Series dye-sublimation printers comprise the F6200, F7200, and F9200.
With transfer paper, during heat transfer vinyl, the ink doesn’t penetrate far to the substrate, remaining near the surface. As opposed, direct disperse penetrates further into dexopky66 fabric, which-just like inkjet printing on plain paper-ensures that fine detail is lost and colors become less vivid.
“For me, the difference will almost always be clarity because you’re always getting a cleaner, crisper print when you’re doing a print to paper then transferring,” said Steven Moreno, founder and principal of L.A.’s MY Prints, a digital print shop which specializes in apparel prototyping and garments for entertainment industry costume houses, in addition to flags, banners, along with other display graphics. Almost all of MY Prints’ work is dye-sub-based. “For something with fine detail we will always wish to use transfer paper.”
Another advantage of making use of a transfer process is that you may deal with any sort of surface with a polyester coating: banners, mugs, flip-flops, you name it. “There are countless applications, and that’s really the benefit of a transfer process,” said Check. “It will make it a really versatile solution.”